The one-dimensional (1D) t-J model is investigated by using a Gutzwiller-Jastrow-type variation method and the exact diagonalization of small systems. Variational expectation values are estimated by the variational Monte Carlo method with sufficient accuracy. First, we give detailed descriptions of the preceding paper [Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 3610 (1991)], where we discussed the properties of the Fermi-liquid-type Jastrow wave function as well as the Gutzwiller wave function. Secondly, these wave functions are compared with the Tomonaga-Luttinger-liquid-type wave function proposed by Hellberg and Mele. It is found that the correlation factors in short distances control bulk quantities like energy and the magnitude of the correlation functions, while the long-range part of the correlation factors determines the critical behavior of correlation functions. Finally, using these functions, charge, spin susceptibilities, and magnetization curve are estimated, which agree with the exact results. It is shown that the Mott transition in the 1D t-J model is quite different from the Brinkman-Rice transition.
|Number of pages||17|
|Journal||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|Publication status||Published - 1996|