Optimization of hybrid power system composed of SMES and flywheel MG for large pulsed load

K. Niiyama, T. Yagai, M. Tsuda, T. Hamajima

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


A superconducting magnetic storage system (SMES) has some advantages such as rapid large power response and high storage efficiency which are superior to other energy storage systems. A flywheel motor generator (FWMG) has large scaled capacity and high reliability, and hence is broadly utilized for a large pulsed load, while it has comparatively low storage efficiency due to high mechanical loss compared with SMES. A fusion power plant such as International Thermo-Nuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) requires a large and long pulsed load which causes a frequency deviation in a utility power system. In order to keep the frequency within an allowable deviation, we propose a hybrid power system for the pulsed load, which equips the SMES and the FWMG with the utility power system. We evaluate installation cost and frequency control performance of three power systems combined with energy storage devices; (i) SMES with the utility power, (ii) FWMG with the utility power, (iii) both SMES and FWMG with the utility power. The first power system has excellent frequency power control performance but its installation cost is high. The second system has inferior frequency control performance but its installation cost is the lowest. The third system has good frequency control performance and its installation cost is attained lower than the first power system by adjusting the ratio between SMES and FWMG.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2111-2114
Number of pages4
JournalPhysica C: Superconductivity and its Applications
Issue number15-20
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Sept 15


  • Flywheel MG
  • Hybrid power system
  • Large pulsed load
  • SMES


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