Optimizing the radiosensitive liquid-core microcapsules for the targeting of chemotherapeutic agents

S. Harada, S. Ehara, K. Ishii, H. Yamazaki, S. Matsuyama, T. Kamiya, T. Sakai, K. Arakawa, T. Sato, S. Oikawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Microcapsules consisting of alginate and hyaluronic acid that can be decomposed by radiation are currently under development. In this study, the composition of the microcapsule material was optimized by changing the amounts of alginate and hyaluronic acid. Solutions of 0.025%, 0.05%, 0.1%, 0.2%, or 0.4% (wt./vol.) hyaluronic acid were mixed into a 0.2% alginate solution. To these mixtures, carboplatin (0.2 mmol) was added and the resulting material was used for the capsule preparation. The capsules were prepared by spraying the material into a CaCl2 solution (0.34 mol/l) using a microatomizer. These capsules were irradiated by a single dose of 2, 5, or 10 Gy 60Co γ-ray radiation. Immediately after irradiation, the releasing of core content of microcapsule was determined, using a micro particle induced X-ray emission (PIXE) camera. The average diameter of the microcapsules was 22.3 ± 3.3 μm, and that of the liquid core was 10.2 ± 4.3 μm. The maximum radiation-induced content release was observed with liquid-core microcapsules containing 0.1% hyaluronic acid and 0.2% alginate. Our liquid-core microcapsules suggest a new potential use for radiation: the targeted delivery of the chemotherapeutic agents or radiosensitizers. This offers the prospect of increased combined effectiveness of radiation with chemotherapy or radiosensitization and decreased adverse side effects.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)164-168
Number of pages5
JournalNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Jul


  • Liquid-core microcapsule
  • Particle induced X-ray emission camera
  • Radiation targeting

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Instrumentation


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