Optoelectronic and nonlinear optical properties of tBu4PcTiO/polymer composite materials

Yu Chen, James Doyle, Ying Liu, Adam Strevens, Ying Lin, Mohamed E. EI-Khouly, Yasuyuki Araki, Werner J. Blau, Osamu Ito

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26 Citations (Scopus)


The optoelectronic and nonlinear optical (NLO) properties of a soluble 2,(3)-(tetra-tert-butylphthalocyaninato)titanium(IV) oxide (tBu4PcTiO) in solutions and in the solid states have been described. The nonlinear response demonstrated that tBu4PcTiO exhibited strong RSA at 532 nm for both solution and solid-state based experiments. The decrease in the effective intensity dependent nonlinear absorption coefficient with increasing input intensities possibly results from high order triple state transitions of the excited-state population. No evidence of film fatigue or degradation was observed in the PMMA/tBu4PcTiO film, after numerous scans at varying laser intensity. The doping of tBu4PcTiO into poly[2-methoxy-5-(2′-ethylhexyloxy)-p-phenylene-vinylene] (MEH-PPV) results in the apparent increases of the open circuit voltage (Voc) and the short circuit photocurrent density under illumination with 40 mW cm-2 white-light. The light absorption of tBu4PcTiO incorporated into polymer represents the dominant contribution to the enhancement of the photocurrent. The dependence of the short circuit photocurrent in an ITO/tBu4PcTiO-doped MEH-PPV/Al cell on the incident light intensity (Iin) between 30 and 200 mW cm-2 was also investigated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)263-270
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry
Issue number2-3
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Jan 25


  • Nonlinear optics
  • Optical properties
  • Optoelectronic properties
  • Phthalocyanine/polymer composite materials
  • Synthesis of phthalocyanine


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