Organization and expression of the chicken N-myc gene

Shoji Sawai, Kazuto Kato, Yoshio Wakamatsu, Hisato Kondoh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


We cloned the chicken N-myc gene and analyzed its structure and expression. We found that it consisted of three exons with coding regions in exons 2 and 3. Comparison to mammalian N-myc genomic sequence indicated that nucleotide sequences of the 5′-flanking region, noncoding exon 1, and introns were not conserved, but coding and 3′ noncoding sequences showed significant homology to mammalian N-myc. Alignment of deduced amino acid sequences of chicken and mammalian N-myc proteins revealed nine conserved domains interrupted by different lengths of nonhomologous sequences. Two of the domains were specific to N-myc proteins, and the other seven were common to c-myc proteins. Northern blot (immunoblot) and in situ hybridization analyses of 3.5-day-old chicken embryos revealed that high-level expression of the N-myc gene was confirmed to certain tissues, e.g., the central nervous system, neural crest derivatives, and mesenchyme of limb buds. In the beak and limb primordia, N-myc expression in the mesenchyme was higher toward the distal end, suggesting possible involvement in positional assignment of the tissue within the rudimentary structures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2017-2026
Number of pages10
JournalMolecular and cellular biology
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1990
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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