Oscillatory convective modes in red giants: A possible explanation of the long secondary periods

Hideyuki Saio, Peter R. Wood, Masaki Takayama, Yoshifusa Ita

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Citations (Scopus)


We discuss properties of oscillatory convective modes in low-mass red giants, and compare them with observed properties of the long secondary periods (LSPs) of semiregular red giant variables. Oscillatory convective modes are very non-adiabatic g- modes and they are present in luminous stars, such as red giants with log L/L⊙ ≳ 3. Finite amplitudes for these modes are confined to the outermost non-adiabatic layers, where the radiative energy flux is more important than the convective energy flux. The periods of oscillatory convection modes increase with luminosity, and the growth times are comparable to the oscillation periods. The LSPs of red giants in the Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC) are observed to lie on a distinct period- luminosity sequence called sequence D. This sequenceDperiod-luminosity relation is roughly consistent with the predictions for dipole oscillatory convective modes in asymptotic giant branch models if we adopt a mixing length of 1.2 pressure scaleheight (α = 1.2). However, the effective temperature of the red-giant sequence of the LMC is consistent to models with α = 1.9, which predict periods too short by a factor of 2.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3863-3868
Number of pages6
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jul 16


  • Convection
  • Stars: late-type
  • Stars: low-mass
  • Stars: oscillations
  • Stars:AGB and post-AGB

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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