Osteoblastic differentiation of periosteum-derived cells is promoted by the physical contact with the bone matrix in vivo

Toshikatsu Shimizu, Yasuyuki Sasano, Satoru Nakajo, Manabu Kagayama, Hidetoshi Shimauchi

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32 Citations (Scopus)


The periosteum contains osteoprogenitors that differentiate to osteoblasts in bone growth or repair. Our previous studies suggested the hypothesis that the physical contact of the periosteum with the bone matrix is requisite for the differentiation of osteoblasts. To test the hypothesis, the present study was designed to investigate how the contact between the periosteum and the bone matrix influences the osteoblastic differentiation of periosteal cells with establishing a new experimental model in vivo. Differentiation of osteoblasts was assessed by gene expression of type I collagen, osteocalcin and bone sialoprotein using in situ hybridization. A barrier was designed to prevent periosteal cells from contacting the bone matrix using the membrane filter. The membrane filter was inserted surgically between the surface of rat parietal bone and the periosteum after being punched out with pin holes. Periosteal cells were allowed to contact with the bone surface only through the pin holes. The pin hole was filled with cells derived from the periosteum 1 week after inserting the filter. Differentiation of osteoblasts in week 2 and noticeable bone formation in week 3 were identified on the bone surface only under the pin hole but not under the filter. The present study demonstrated that the physical contact with the bone matrix promotes osteoblastic differentiation of periosteum-derived cells in vivo.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)72-81
Number of pages10
JournalAnatomical Record
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2001 Sept 1


  • Bone sialoprotein
  • Gene expression
  • In situ hybridization
  • Osteoblast
  • Osteocalcin
  • Type I collagen


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