Oxidation state of fe in olivine in andesitic scoria from Kasayama Volcano, Hagi, Yamaguchi Prefecture, Japan

Terumi Ejima, Masahide Akasaka, Takashi Nagao, Hiroaki Ohfuji

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The oxidation state of an olivine phenocryst separate from clinopyroxene-olivine andesitic black scoria with red-brown tint from Kasayama volcano, Hagi, Yamaguchi Prefecture, was determined using 57Fe Mössbauer spectroscopy, to examine the effect of high temperature oxidation on the oxidation state of Fe. The olivine phenocrysts examined were euhedral to subhedral in form, typically fractured, and about 0.2-1 mm in maximum dimension. Small amounts of Fe-bearing precipitate minerals often occur on the rims of olivine phenocrysts in the black scoria with red-brown tint, and near subhedral Cr-rich magnetite with about 5 μm in diameter. Olivine phenocrysts lacking such precipitates and inclusions were separated from a sample using an isodynamic separator and handpicking under a binocular microscope. Examination by optical microscopy, electron microprobe analysis, Raman spectroscopy, and high-resolution transmission microscopy proved no precipitates in the separated olivine phenocrysts. Average Fo value and Fe content of the olivines were 81 mol% and 0.36 atoms per formula unit (apfu), respectively. The 57Fe Mössbauer spectrum of the olivine separate consisted of three doublets assigned to Fe2+ at the M1, Fe2+ at the M2 and Fe3+ at the octahedral sites. The Fe2+:Fe3+-ratio is 95(3):5(1). By applying this value to the average Fe content, Fe2+ and Fe3+ are calculated to be 0.34(1) and 0.018(4) apfu, respectively. Since the Fe3+ within olivine detected in this study is not due to any Fe3+-bearing impurity, Fe3+ could be located at the octahedral site within the olivine structure. The quadrupole splitting value of the Fe3+-Mössbauer doublet [0.53(5) mm/s] in Kasayama olivine is significantly lower than published data for Fe3+ at the M2 site in olivine, and in laihunite. This suggests possible distribution of Fe3+ at the M1 site. Fe3+ within olivine in the black scoria with red-brown tint is considered to have been generated at high temperatures (perhaps above 800 °C).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)215-225
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Dec


  • Fe oxidation state
  • High temperature oxidation
  • Kasayama volcano
  • Olivine
  • Scoria


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