Oxidative Stress and Mitochondrial Dysfunction in Chronic Kidney Disease

Hsin Jung Ho, Hitoshi Shirakawa

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The kidney contains many mitochondria that generate ATP to provide energy for cellular processes. Oxidative stress injury can be caused by impaired mitochondria with excessive levels of reactive oxygen species. Accumulating evidence has indicated a relationship between oxidative stress and kidney diseases, and revealed new insights into mitochondria-targeted therapeutics for renal injury. Improving mitochondrial homeostasis, increasing mitochondrial biogenesis, and balancing mitochondrial turnover has the potential to protect renal function against oxidative stress. Although there are some reviews that addressed this issue, the articles summarizing the relationship between mitochondria-targeted effects and the risk factors of renal failure are still few. In this review, we integrate recent studies on oxidative stress and mitochondrial function in kidney diseases, especially chronic kidney disease. We organized the causes and risk factors of oxidative stress in the kidneys based in their mitochondria-targeted effects. This review also listed the possible candidates for clinical therapeutics of kidney diseases by modulating mitochondrial function.

Original languageEnglish
Article number88
JournalCells
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023 Jan

Keywords

  • chronic kidney disease
  • mitochondrial homeostasis
  • mitochondrial turnover
  • oxidative stress

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