The role that the p53 tumor suppressor gene product plays in cellular differentiation remains controversial. However, recent evidence indicates that p53 is required for proper embryogenesis. We have studied the effect of p53 on the expression mediated by the promoter of the rat muscle-specific phosphoglycerate mutase gene (M-PGAM), a marker for cardiac and skeletal muscle differentiation. Experiments involving transient transfection, mobility shift assay, and site-directed mutagenesis demonstrated that p53 specifically binds and transactivates the M-PGAM promoter. The p53-related proteins p51A and p73L also transactivated M-PGAM. Moreover, stable expression of a p53 dominant mutant in C2C12 cells blocked the induction of M-PGAM expression during the myoblast to myotube transition and the ability of p53, p51A, and p73L to transactivate the M-PGAM promoter. In addition, impaired expression of M-PGAM was observed in a subset of p53-null animals in heart and muscle tissues of anterior-ventral location. These results demonstrate that p53 is a transcriptional activator of M-PGAM that contributes in vivo to the control of its cardiac expression. These data support previous findings indicating a role for p53 in cellular differentiation.
|Number of pages||12|
|Journal||Cell Growth and Differentiation|
|Publication status||Published - 1999 May|