Parasympathetic neurons in the human submandibular ganglion

Mutsuko Kawashima, Takehiro Yajima, Daisuke Tachiya, Souichi Kokubun, Hiroyuki Ichikawa, Tadasu Sato

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5 Citations (Scopus)


The submandibular ganglion (SMG) contains parasympathetic neurons which innervate the submandibular gland. In this study, immunohistochemistry for vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP), neuropeptide Y (NPY), choline acetyltransferase (ChAT), dopamine β-hydroxylase (DBH), tyrosine hydroxylase (TH), and the transient receptor potential cation channel subfamily V members 1 (TRPV1) and 2 (TRPV2) was performed on the human SMG. In the SMG, 17.5 % and 8.9 % of parasympathetic neurons were immunoreactive for VIP and TRPV2, respectively. SMG neurons mostly contained ChAT- and DBH-immunoreactivity. In addition, subpopulations of SMG neurons were surrounded by VIP (69.6 %)-, TRPV2 (54.4 %)- and DBH (9.5 %)-immunoreactive (-ir) nerve fibers. SMG neurons with pericellular VIP- and TRPV2-ir nerve fibers were significantly larger than VIP- and TRPV2-ir SMG neurons, respectively. Other neurochemical substances were rare in the SMG. In the human submandibular gland, TRPV1- and TRPV2-ir nerve fiber profiles were seen around blood vessels. Double fluorescence method also demonstrated that TRPV2-ir nerve fiber profiles were located around myoepithelial and acinar cells in the submandibular gland. VIP and TRPV2 are probably expressed by both pre- and post-ganglionic neurons innervating the submandibular and sublingual glands. VIP, DBH and TRPV2 may have functions about regulation of salivary components in the salivary glands and neuronal activity in the SMG.

Original languageEnglish
Article number101496
JournalTissue and Cell
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Jun


  • DBH
  • Human
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Submandibular ganglion
  • TRPV2
  • VIP


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