We have investigated the barrier energy for an ammonia molecule to penetrate into ice film by the use of infrared spectroscopy and Xe supersonic beam. After the ice film on a Pt(1 1 1) surface is exposed to ammonia molecules, an umbrella mode of ammonia molecules adsorbed on the ice film has been observed in infrared spectra. After the irradiation of accelerated Xe beam, we observed an energy shift of the mode of ammonia. The shifted mode is assigned to that of ammonia molecules at the interface between the ice film and the Pt(1 1 1) surface. This indicates that the collision with Xe beam induced the penetration of an ammonia molecule to the interface through the ice film. Using this feature, we estimate a barrier for penetration as 0.28 ± 0.03 eV which is much smaller than the one previously reported for bulk ice.
- Adsorption kinetics
- Diffusion and migration
- Infrared absorption spectroscopy
- Solid-gas interfaces