As the number of Internet users grows, new network technologies are emerging. Those include ADSL and cable modem, which essentially provide asymmetric bandwidth for uplink and downlink to the user's connection. In this paper, we investigate the behaviour of HTTP/TCP protocols on such asymmetric networks, and present the analytic results of the mean throughput of TCP. The transfer time of Web documents by HTTP over TCP is also derived. In the analysis, we consider newer HTTP/TCP protocols, HTTP/1.1 and TCP Vegas, in addition to HTTP/1.0 and TCP Tahoe. We then investigate the appropriate combination of HTTP and TCP protocols on the asymmetric network. The results show that the effect of HTTP/1.1 is quite small, but TCP Vegas can improve the performance in asymmetric networks if it is appropriately modified as in our proposal.
|Number of pages
|International Journal of Communication Systems
|Published - 1999 Jul