Performance evaluation of YAlO3 scintillator plates with different Ce concentrations

Kohei Nakanishi, Seiichi Yamamoto, Kei Kamada, Akira Yoshikawa

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3 Citations (Scopus)


Since Ce-doped YAlO3 (YAP(Ce)) scintillators have small non-proportionality, it is useful to develop a radiation imaging detector for low-energy gamma photons or X-rays. However, the YAP(Ce) performance with different Ce concentrations remains unclear. Consequently, we measured the basic performance of YAP(Ce) plates with different Ce concentrations. We used three types of YAP(Ce) scintillator plates with different Ce concentrations: 0.05% Ce, 1% Ce, and 2% Ce. The YAP(Ce) plates were 10 mm × 10 mm x 0.5 mm. We measured and compared the energy spectra, the decay times, the α-γ ratio, and the non-proportionality. We also evaluated the relation between these performances and the Ce concentrations. The light output of a YAP(Ce) showed positive correlation with the Ce concentrations, and the decay time of the YAP(Ce) showed a negative correlation with them. The energy resolution slightly improved for a YAP(Ce) with higher Ce concentrations. We found the α-γ ratio were slightly larger for higher Ce concentrations. The YAP(Ce) plate with a 2% Ce had the highest light output and the best energy resolution as well as the shortest decay time. Based on these results, the YAP(Ce) plate with a concentration of 2% Ce is a better selection for the development of radiation detectors or radiation imaging detectors for low-energy gamma photons or X-rays as well as alpha particles.

Original languageEnglish
Article number109483
JournalApplied Radiation and Isotopes
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Feb


  • Ce concentration
  • Decay times
  • Energy spectra
  • Non-proportionality
  • YAP(Ce)
  • α-γ ratio


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