We report an adult moyamoya disease (MMD) patient who developed persistent local vasogenic edema with dynamic change in the regional cerebral blood flow after left superficial temporal artery-middle cerebral artery (STA-MCA) anastomosis. A 49-year-old woman with ischemic-onset MMD underwent left STA-MCA anastomosis. Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging of fluid-attenuated inversion recovery 1 day after surgery revealed an asymptomatic local high-signal-intensity lesion at the site of anastomosis, and MR angiography demonstrated apparently patent STA-MCA bypass. Due to the increased apparent diffusion coefficient value, we diagnosed the lesion as vasogenic edema. A significant increase in focal cerebral blood flow (CBF) at the site of the anastomosis was observed on N-isopropyl-p-[123I] iodoamphetamine single-photon emission computed tomography (123I-IMP-SPECT) (139.8%; compared with the preoperative value). Under strict blood pressure control (systolic blood pressure under 130 mmHg), the patient remained asymptomatic during the entire peri-operative period, but the 123I-IMP-SPECT 7 days after surgery suggested paradoxical CBF decrease (72.9%). Based on this finding, we allow the patient to be maintained under normotensive condition (∼160 mmHg), which recovered the CBF (115.0%) 14 days after surgery. Vasogenic edema remained during the entire peri-operative period, but completely disappeared 83 days after surgery. Local vasogenic edema formation due to cerebral hyperperfusion is not uncommon after STA-MCA anastomosis for adult MMD, but dynamic CBF change at the site of persistent local vasogenic edema after STA-MCA anastomosis is extremely rare. We recommend serial CBF measurement in the acute stage after revascularization surgery for MMD, especially when MR imaging demonstrates local signal intensity change.
|Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases
|Published - 2020 Apr
- Moyamoya disease
- exreacranial-intracranial bypass
- vasogenic edema