ph-response of chitosan, κ-carrageenan, carboxymethyl cellulose sodium salt complex hydrogels

Tetsu Mitsumata, Yuuki Suemitsu, Keiko Fujii, Tomoyuki Fujii, Takashi Taniguchi, Kiyohito Koyama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

82 Citations (Scopus)


We synthesized the polyelectrolyte complex hydrogel consisting of chitosan, κ-carrageenan, and carboxymethyl cellulose sodium salt (NaCMC) and investigated the swelling properties of the gel varying with carrageenan/NaCMC compositions. In a lower composition of carrageenan, heterogeneous gels were obtained indicating strong electrostatic interactions among these polyelectrolytes. Oppositely, in a higher composition of carrageenan, a gelation did not occur. It was cleared that a homogeneity of the gel strongly depended on the carrageenan/NaCMC composition. The degree of swelling at the equilibrium decreased proportional to the carrageenan composition. The gels showed a maximum degree of swelling in the range of pH 11 - 12. The maximum degree of swelling discontinuously decreased with increasing the NaCMC composition and was independent of the composition at a higher composition of NaCMC. Swelling properties in pure water and in alkaline solutions were also affected by salt concentrations of each polyelectrolyte aqueous solutions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7103-7111
Number of pages9
Issue number23
Publication statusPublished - 2003 Oct 17


  • Hydrogels
  • Polyelectrolytes
  • pH response


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