PH-Responsive Ultrathin Nanoporous SiO2Films for Selective Ion Permeation

Yuya Ishizaki, Shunsuke Yamamoto, Tokuji Miyashita, Masaya Mitsuishi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Ultrathin nanoporous (NP) films are an emerging field for selective and effective ion/molecular separation and electrochemical sensing applications. We describe selective ion permeation in surface-functionalized ultrathin NP SiO2 films (NP SiO2-NH2). The ultrathin NP SiO2 films with ca. 8 nm thickness were prepared from silsesquioxane-containing blend polymer Langmuir-Blodgett films (nanosheets) using the photo-oxidation method. The porous SiO2 surface was modified with a pH-responsive amine-containing silane coupling agent. Selective ion permeation was demonstrated under acidic pH conditions (pH ≤ 6) using two equally sized redox probes: negative (Fe(CN)63-/4-) and positive (Ru(NH3)62+/3+) ions. The current density for Fe(CN)63-/4- decreased as the pH value increased to pH = 6, whereas it increased for Ru(NH3)62+/3+. Control measurements revealed that the probes can penetrate the pores of nonfunctionalized SiO2 films irrespective of pH values, indicating that both the size and the surface charge response contributed to selective ion permeation. Results obtained from this study pave the way for new applications in molecular separation and sensing applications based on ultrathin nanoporous films (<10 nm) and tailored surfaces.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5627-5634
Number of pages8
Issue number18
Publication statusPublished - 2021 May 11


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