To provide a better theoretical basis for obtaining higher concentration of ethanol from a fermentation broth using near- or super-critical C02 extraction, the vapor-liquid equilibria for the quaternary system of C02, ethanol, water and an entrainer were measured at 35.0°C and 10 MPa for various entrainer concentrations. Experiments were carried out for four entrainers: glycerol, ethylene glycol, 1,3-propanediol and propylene glycol. The experimental results demonstrated that the upper limit of ethanol composition for the C02-ethanol-water ternary system could be raised by the addition of the above entrainers other than propylene glycol. It was also found that this effect of the entrainer could be estimated qualitatively from its solubility parameter value. The group parameter values of the GC-EOS by Jorgensen were redetermined using binary vapor-liquid equilibrium (VLE) data in order to improve the accuracy of prediction of the VLE of the C02-ethanol-water and the C02-ethanol-water-entrainer mixtures.
- Supercritical Extraction Ethanol Solution Group Contribution Equation of State
- Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium