Phase Singularities in Moiré Type Metasurfaces

Seigo Ohno, Hiromichi Hoshina, Hiroaki Minamide, Teruya Ishihara

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


When two similar periodic patterns are overlaid, spatial interference pattern is generated, which is referred to as moiré. We report a novel method to generate optical vortex array utilizing geometrical phase in moiré patterns. By connecting nearest neighbor unit cells of two two-dimensional periodic patterns, one can define a displacement vector field for a moiré pattern. In the vector field, arrays of geometrical singularity in which the vector direction can not be defined are found. We point out that this vector field resembles to the metasurface design for dispersionless phase discontinuities consisting of dipole antennas with gradually varying directions [1]. Hence, a moiré pattern consisting of metallic structures shorter than wavelength, called moiré type metasurface (MTMS), is expected to provide an optical vortex array with a dispersionless feature. We fabricated two types of MTMS. One is 'a rotation moiré' and the other is 'a scaling moiré.' In the former case, the displacement for a moiré is introduced by rotation and in the latter case, the lattice constants of two periodic structures are slightly different. The structural parameters were determined through FDTD simulation so that the meta-surfaces work at the sub-terahertz (THz) region, which has advantages in ease of a sample fabrication and availability of phase measurement of time domain spectroscopy. The periodic structures of Au were printed on both surfaces of a polyimide film by means of ion beam sputtering and lift-off process. By changing the rotation angle and choosing appropriate period of masks, different moiré patterns are prepared, which can be visually confirmed. We performed THz spectroscopic imaging for both MTMSs with a THz-time domain spectrometer. In order to realize a circular crossed-Nicol configuration, which is necessary to measure the phase delay at the meta-surface, we numerically reconstructed the spectra from the THz transmission spectra measured in four independent configurations for linearly polarized measurements. Note that it is unavoidable as a circular polarizer and analyzer for THz-region are not available. In the imaging results, we found arrays of phase singularities corresponding to the topological features shown in the moiré patterns. Thus we experimentally showed that the topological feature in moiré patterns was projected on an electromagnetic field.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2018 Progress In Electromagnetics Research Symposium, PIERS-Toyama 2018 - Proceedings
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)9784885523151
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Dec 31
Event2018 Progress In Electromagnetics Research Symposium, PIERS-Toyama 2018 - Toyama, Japan
Duration: 2018 Aug 12018 Aug 4

Publication series

NameProgress in Electromagnetics Research Symposium
ISSN (Print)1559-9450
ISSN (Electronic)1931-7360


Conference2018 Progress In Electromagnetics Research Symposium, PIERS-Toyama 2018


Dive into the research topics of 'Phase Singularities in Moiré Type Metasurfaces'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this