TY - JOUR

T1 - Phenomenological neutron star equations of state

T2 - 3-window modeling of QCD matter

AU - Kojo, Toru

N1 - Publisher Copyright:
© 2016, SIF, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

PY - 2016/3/1

Y1 - 2016/3/1

N2 - We discuss the 3-window modeling of cold, dense QCD matter equations of state at density relevant to neutron star properties. At low baryon density, (Formula presented.) ((Formula presented.) : nuclear saturation density), we utilize purely hadronic equations of state that are constrained by empirical observations at density (Formula presented.) and neutron star radii. At high density, (Formula presented.) , we use the percolated quark matter equations of state which must be very stiff to pass the two-solar mass constraints. The intermediate domain at (Formula presented.) is described as neither purely hadronic nor percolated quark matter, and the equations of state are inferred by interpolating hadronic and percolated quark matter equations of state. Possible forms of the interpolation are severely restricted by the condition on the (square of) speed of sound, (Formula presented.). The characteristics of the 3-window equation of state are compared with those of conventional hybrid and self-bound quark matters. Using a schematic quark model for the percolated domain, it is argued that the two-solar mass constraint requires the model parameters to be as large as their vacuum values, indicating that the gluon dynamics remains strongly non-perturbative to (Formula presented.). The hyperon puzzle is also briefly discussed in light of quark descriptions.

AB - We discuss the 3-window modeling of cold, dense QCD matter equations of state at density relevant to neutron star properties. At low baryon density, (Formula presented.) ((Formula presented.) : nuclear saturation density), we utilize purely hadronic equations of state that are constrained by empirical observations at density (Formula presented.) and neutron star radii. At high density, (Formula presented.) , we use the percolated quark matter equations of state which must be very stiff to pass the two-solar mass constraints. The intermediate domain at (Formula presented.) is described as neither purely hadronic nor percolated quark matter, and the equations of state are inferred by interpolating hadronic and percolated quark matter equations of state. Possible forms of the interpolation are severely restricted by the condition on the (square of) speed of sound, (Formula presented.). The characteristics of the 3-window equation of state are compared with those of conventional hybrid and self-bound quark matters. Using a schematic quark model for the percolated domain, it is argued that the two-solar mass constraint requires the model parameters to be as large as their vacuum values, indicating that the gluon dynamics remains strongly non-perturbative to (Formula presented.). The hyperon puzzle is also briefly discussed in light of quark descriptions.

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U2 - 10.1140/epja/i2016-16051-0

DO - 10.1140/epja/i2016-16051-0

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84961233533

SN - 1434-6001

VL - 52

JO - European Physical Journal A

JF - European Physical Journal A

IS - 3

M1 - 51

ER -