Neuronal morphology is regulated by cytoskeletons. Kinesin superfamily protein 2A (KIF2A) depolymerizes microtubules (MTs) at growth cones and regulates axon pathfinding. The factors controlling KIF2A in neurite development remain totally elusive. Here, using immunoprecipitation with an antibody specific to KIF2A, we identified phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate 5-kinase alpha (PIPKα) as a candidate membrane protein that regulates the activity of KIF2A. Yeast two-hybrid and biochemical assays demonstrated direct binding between KIF2A and PIPKα. Partial colocalization of the clusters of punctate signals for these twomolecules was detected by confocal microscopy and photoactivated localization microscopy. Additionally, the MT-depolymerizing activity of KIF2A was enhanced in the presence of PIPKα in vitro and in vivo. PIPKα suppressed the elongation of axon branches in a KIF2A-dependent manner, suggesting a unique PIPK-mediated mechanism controlling MT dynamics in neuronal development.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|Publication status||Published - 2012 Jan 31|