Photocatalytic CO2Reduction Using Water as an Electron Donor under Visible Light Irradiation by Z-Scheme and Photoelectrochemical Systems over (CuGa)0.5ZnS2in the Presence of Basic Additives

Shunya Yoshino, Akihide Iwase, Yuichi Yamaguchi, Tomiko M. Suzuki, Takeshi Morikawa, Akihiko Kudo

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Abstract

We demonstrated photocatalytic CO2 reduction using water as an electron donor under visible light irradiation by a Z-scheme photocatalyst and a photoelectrochemical cell using bare (CuGa)0.5ZnS2 prepared by a flux method as a CO2-reducing photocatalyst. The Z-scheme system employing the bare (CuGa)0.5ZnS2 photocatalyst and RGO-(CoOx/BiVO4) as an O2-evolving photocatalyst produced CO of a CO2 reduction product accompanied by H2 and O2 in a simple suspension system without any additives under visible light irradiation and 1 atm of CO2. When a basic salt (i.e., NaHCO3, NaOH, etc.) was added into the reactant solution (H2O + CO2), the CO formation rate and the CO selectivity increased. The same effect of the basic salt was observed for sacrificial CO2 reduction using SO32- as an electron donor over the bare (CuGa)0.5ZnS2 photocatalyst. The selectivity for the CO formation of the Z-schematic CO2 reduction reached 10-20% in the presence of the basic salt even in an aqueous solution and without loading any cocatalysts on the (CuGa)0.5ZnS2 metal sulfide photocatalyst. It is notable that CO was obtained accompanied by reasonable O2 evolution, indicating that water was an electron donor for the CO2 reduction. Moreover, the present Z-scheme system also showed activity for solar CO2 reduction using water as an electron donor. The bare (CuGa)0.5ZnS2 powder loaded on an FTO glass was also used as a photocathode for CO2 reduction under visible light irradiation. CO and H2 were obtained on the photocathode with 20% and 80% Faradaic efficiencies at 0.1 V vs RHE, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2323-2332
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Volume144
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Feb 9

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