Photoinduced transitions from ionic (I) to neutral (N) and neutral (N) to ionic (I) phases in an organic charge transfer (CT) complex, tetrathiafulvalene-p-chloranil (TTF-CA), were investigated by femtosecond pump-probe reflection spectroscopy. Transient reflectivity changes of the intramolecular transition band of TTF sensitive to the degree of CT between a donor molecule of TTF and an acceptor molecule of CA are measured as a function of excitation energy, excitation density, and temperature. By adopting the multilayer model for the analysis of the obtained transient reflectivity spectra, we have derived the time characteristics of amounts and spatial distributions of photoinduced N (I) states in the I (N) phase. The results reveal that the I to N (IN) transition induced by the resonant excitation of the CT band at 4 K is composed of three processes; (1) formation of a confined one-dimensional (1D) N domain, that is, a sequence of D0A0 pairs, just after the photoexcitation, (2) multiplication of the 1D N domains to the semimacroscopic N states up to 20 ps within the absorption depth of the excitation light, and (3) proceeding of the IN transition along the direction normal to the sample surface. At 77 K near the NI transition temperature (T c=81 K), the size of the ID N domain initially produced is enlarged and its multiplication process is strongly enhanced. When the excitation energy is increased, the initial photoproduct is changed from the confined 1D N domain to the positively and negatively charged N states. The spatial size of the latter is considerably larger than that of the former, indicating that the introduction of charge carriers makes the neighboring 1 state strongly unstable. The dynamics of the photoinduced N to I (NI) transition has also been investigated. The 1D I domains are initially produced by lights, however, they decay within 20 ps even if the density of the I domains is increased. The results demonstrate that there is a clear difference of the dynamics between the photoinduced IN and NI transitions. In these photoinduced transitions, three kinds of coherent oscillations with the period of ∼0.6, ∼50, and ∼85 ps have been detected on the photoinduced reflectivity changes, which are reasonably assigned to the dynamical dimeric displacements of molecules associated with the spin-Peierls instability, the shock wave driven by the sudden volume change due to the photoinduced transitions, and the oscillation of the NI domain boundary. On the basis of the results, dynamical aspects of the photoinduced IN and NI transitions have been discussed in detail.
|Number of pages||18|
|Journal||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|Publication status||Published - 2004 Oct|