Photonic quantum simulations of coupled PT-symmetric Hamiltonians

Nicola Maraviglia, Patrick Yard, Ross Wakefield, Jacques Carolan, Chris Sparrow, Levon Chakhmakhchyan, Chris Harrold, Toshikazu Hashimoto, Nobuyuki Matsuda, Andrew K. Harter, Yogesh N. Joglekar, Anthony Laing

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Parity-time-symmetric (PT-symmetric) Hamiltonians are generally non-Hermitian and give rise to exotic behavior in quantum systems at exceptional points, where eigenvectors coalesce. The recent realization of PT-symmetric Hamiltonians in quantum systems has ignited efforts to simulate and investigate many-particle quantum systems across exceptional points. Here, we use a programmable integrated photonic chip to simulate a model composed of twin pairs of PT-symmetric Hamiltonians, with each the time reverse of its twin. We simulate quantum dynamics across exceptional points including two-and three-particle interference, and a particle-trembling behavior that arises due to interference between subsystems undergoing time-reversed evolutions. These results show how programmable quantum simulators can be used to investigate foundational questions in quantum mechanics.

Original languageEnglish
Article number013051
JournalPhysical Review Research
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Mar


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