Plan for observing magnetospheres of outer planets by using the EUV spectrograph onboard the Sprint-A/Exceed mission

Fuminori Tsuchiya, Masato Kagitani, Naoki Terada, Yasumasa Kasaba, Ichiro Yoshikawa, Go Murakami, Kouichi Sakai, Tatsuro Homma, Kazuo Yoshioka, Atsushi Yamazaki, Kazunori Uemizu, Tomoki Kimura, Munetaka Ueno

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


The EXCEED mission is an Earth-orbiting extreme ultraviolet (EUV) spectroscopic mission and the first in the SPRINT series being developed by ISAS/JAXA. EUV spectroscopy is suitable for observing tenuous gases and plasmas around planets in the solar system (e.g., Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter, and Saturn). One of the primary observation targets is Jupiter, whose magnetospheric plasma dynamics is dominated by planetary rotation. In the EUV range, a number of emission lines originate from plasmas distributed in Jupiter's inner magnetosphere. The EXCEED spectrograph is designed to have a wavelength range of 55–145 nm with minimum spectral resolution of 0.4 nm, enabling the electrontemperature and ion composition in the inner magnetosphere to be determined. Thespectrograph slits have a field of view of 400 × 140 arc-seconds (maximum), and an onboard target guide camera is used to stabilize attitude fluctuations to within ±5 arc-seconds. With a large primary mirror (diameter: 20 cm) and high detection efficiencies (1–3%), EXCEED will measure Io plasma torus emission distributions with a good signal-to-noise ratio using an exposure time of 50 minutes and achieving spatial resolution of 20arc-seconds. The previous observation of plasmas in the inner magnetosphere and the aurora with an EUV spectrograph was done by the Cassini spacecraft over a period of a few months. We re-examined the data obtained by the UVIS instrument to clarify the scientific objectives for the EXCEED mission. The UVIS observation sometimes showed sudden brightening in both the aurora and the Io plasma torus with a timescale from several hours to a few tens of hours. From the reanalysis of the UVIS dataas well as radio waves (Cassini/RPWS) and the interplanetary magnetic field (Galileo/MAG) data, we found that thebrightening events were related to a large-scale structure inthe solar wind. However, because the Cassini observations had a lack of continuity due to the intermittent observation mode, it is difficult to make a definitive relation between the aurora and the plasma emissions in the inner magnetosphere. EXCEED plans to observe the variations in the aurora and in the radial structures of plasma emissions andshould reveal the relationship between them in detail. The EXCEED observations are expected to investigate the radial plasma and energy transport processes in the rotation-driven magnetosphere.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAdvances in Geosciences
Subtitle of host publicationVolume 25: Planetary Science (PS)
PublisherWorld Scientific Publishing Co.
Number of pages15
ISBN (Electronic)9789814355377
ISBN (Print)9814355364, 9789814355360
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Jan 1


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