Plasminogen activator inhibitor type-1 is a negative regulator of hematopoietic regeneration in the adipocyte-rich bone marrow microenvironment

Kaito Harada, Takashi Yahata, Makoto Onizuka, Abd Aziz Ibrahim, Eri Kikkawa, Toshio Miyata, Kiyoshi Ando

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1 Citation (Scopus)


Bone marrow adipocytes (BMAs) have recently been recognized as a niche component with a suppressive function. Obese individuals with abundant BMAs exhibit impaired hematopoietic regeneration after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). We hypothesized that plasminogen activator inhibitor type-1 (PAI-1), an adipokine that regulates the fibrinolytic system, contributes to impaired hematopoiesis in bone marrow (BM) microenvironment with abundant BMAs. We demonstrated that BMAs differentiated in vitro could secrete PAI-1 and were positive for PAI-1 in vivo. In addition, the abundance of BMAs was associated with high levels of PAI-1 expression. The BMA-rich microenvironment exhibited impaired hematopoietic regeneration after HSCT when compared with a BMA-less microenvironment. The impaired hematopoietic regeneration in BMA-rich microenvironment was significantly alleviated by PAI-1 knockout or PAI-1 inhibitor treatment. Obese mice with abundant BMAs, compared with normal-weight mice, exhibited higher bone marrow PAI-1 concentrations, increased fibrinolytic system suppression, and lower stem cell factor (SCF) concentrations after HSCT. PAI-1 inhibitor administration significantly activated the fibrinolytic system in obese mice, contributing to the higher SCF concentration. Moreover, PAI-1 inhibitor treatment significantly alleviated the impaired hematopoietic regeneration in obese mice both after 5-fluorouracil injection and HSCT. These results indicate that PAI-1 hinders hematopoietic regeneration in BMA-rich microenvironments. The blockade of PAI-1 activity could be a novel therapeutic means of facilitating hematopoietic reconstitution in BMA-rich patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)180-186
Number of pages7
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Jun 11


  • Adipocytes
  • Hematopoietic stem cell
  • Plasminogen activator inhibitor 1


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