Polarization dependence of soliton interactions in femtosecond soliton transmission

Tomoki Sugawa, Kenji Kurokawa, Hirokazu Kubota, Masataka Nakazawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The polarization dependence of femtosecond soliton-soliton interactions is investigated in detail. When the polarization direction of two solitons is orthogonal, the soliton interaction can be reduced in comparison to that for parallel polarization. The soliton self-frequency shift (SSFS) is still observed even in the orthogonal condition, but the quantity of the SSFS is much smaller than in the parallel condition. A stronger soliton interaction is observed between two solitons in an in-phase condition, than in an out-of-phase condition. The largest SSFS occurs in-phase with parallel polarization. The polarization dependence of femtosecond soliton interaction in a distributed erbium-doped fiber amplifier (DEDFA) is also investigated. It is shown that when the optical gain of the DEDFA is given adiabatically, the input pulse separation at which the first soliton occurs is less with orthogonal polarization. This is because the soliton pulse width is reduced due to the adiabatic soliton narrowing caused by the optical amplification.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)28-37
Number of pages10
JournalIEICE Transactions on Electronics
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1995 Jan


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