Polarization Rotation at Morphotropic Phase Boundary in New Lead-Free Na1/2Bi1/2V1-xTi xO3 Piezoceramics

Zhao Pan, Mao Hua Zhang, Takumi Nishikubo, Yuki Sakai, Hajime Yamamoto, Hajime Hojo, Masayuki Fukuda, Lei Hu, Hayato Ishizaki, Satoru Kaneko, Shogo Kawaguchi, Jurij Koruza, Jürgen Rödel, Masaki Azuma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


In this work, we show that polarization rotation enhances the piezoresponse in a high-performance lead-free piezoelectric material, Na1/2Bi1/2V1-xTixO3, a solid solution between tetragonal Na1/2Bi1/2VO3 and rhombohedral Na1/2Bi1/2TiO3, obtained by high-pressure synthesis. The system forms a pure perovskite structure with a favorable morphotropic phase boundary (MPB) located around x = 0.90, which separates the tetragonal and rhombohedral phases. In addition, a distinct monoclinic phase with polarization rotation as functions of composition and temperature is observed. XRD measurements revealed the moderately high Curie temperature of 523 K at x = 0.95 in the MPB. The piezoelectric coefficient d33 of the monoclinic x = 0.95 sample, 42 pC/N, is higher than those of the tetragonal and rhombohedral phases. Even though the present lead-free Na1/2Bi1/2V1-xTixO3 ceramics feature smaller d33 values compared to many currently available lead-free piezoelectric materials as a result of insufficient poling and low density, we expect our findings open up opportunities for exploring promising lead-free piezoelectric materials in Na1/2Bi1/2VO3-based perovskites.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5208-5215
Number of pages8
JournalACS applied materials & interfaces
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Feb 3


  • ferroelectricity
  • lead-free
  • perovskite
  • piezoelectric
  • polarization rotation


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