Possible roles of il-33 in periodontal diseases: Porphyromonas gingivalis induced il-33 in human gingival epithelial cells

Hiroyuki Tada, Haruhiko Takada

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

2 Citations (Scopus)


In the oral mucosa, epithelial cells work not only as a physical barrier to pathogens, but also play a pivotal role in initiating immune responses to microbes. Interleukin (IL)-33, a member of the IL-1 family, is constitutively expressed in epithelial cells and amplifies Th2-type inflammatory immune responses. We found that IL-33 was detected in the inflamed gingival epithelium from chronic periodontitis patients, and periodontopathic Porphyromonas gingivalis strongly increased expressions of IL-33 mRNA and molecules in human gingival epithelial cells. In contrast, fimbriae, a lipopeptide and lipopolysaccharide derived from P. gingivalis were not active in this respect. Protease inhibitors specific for gingipains efficiently inhibited the induction of IL-33 mRNA by stimulation with P. gingivalis. Furthermore, P. gingivalis KDP136, a gingipains-null mutant, did not increase IL-33 mRNA expression. We also demonstrated that P. gingivalis upregulated IL-33 mRNA expression through protease-activated receptor-2, phospholipase C, mitogen-activated protein kinase p38 and NF-?B. IL-33 is suggested to negatively regulate antimicrobial peptide LL-37, resulting in attenuation of innate immune responses of gingival epithelial cells in chronic periodontitis. Possible roles of IL-33 in inflammation in the oral mucosa are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInterface Oral Health Science 2014
Subtitle of host publicationInnovative Research on Biosis-Abiosis Intelligent Interface
PublisherSpringer Japan
Number of pages11
ISBN (Electronic)9784431551928
ISBN (Print)9784431551256
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jan 1


  • Gingipains
  • Gingival epithelial cells
  • Interleukin-33
  • LL-37

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)
  • Medicine(all)
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)


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