Purpose The prevention of postoperative recurrence is a critical issue in surgery for Crohn’s disease. Prospective randomized trials in Western countries have shown that the postoperative use of anti-tumor necrosis factor α-antibodies was effective in reducing the recurrence rate. We investigated the efficacy of infliximab (IFX) for the prevention of postoperative Crohn’s disease recurrence. Methods We performed a prospective randomized multicenter study. Patients who underwent intestinal resection were assigned to groups treated with or without IFX. Immediately after surgery, patients in the IFX group received IFX at 5 mg/ kg at 0, 2, and 6 weeks, followed by every 8 weeks for 2 years. The primary study outcome was the proportion of patients with endoscopic and/or clinical recurrence at 2 years after surgery. Results Thirty-eight eligible patients participated in this study: 19 in the IFX group and 19 in the non-IFX group. The disease recurrence rate in the IFX group was 52.6% (10/19), which was significantly lower than that in the non-IFX group (94.7% [18/19]). Conclusion The postoperative use of IFX is effective in preventing Crohn’s disease recurrence for 2 years.
- A prospective randomized multicenter study
- Crohn’s disease
- Postoperative recurrence