Potassium currents operated by thyrotrophin‐releasing hormone in dissociated CA1 pyramidal neurones of rat hippocampus.

S. Ebihara, N. Akaike

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)


1. Membrane currents activated by thyrotrophin‐releasing hormone (TRH) were investigated in the dissociated rat hippocampal CA1 pyramidal neurone using the nystatin perforated patch recording configuration. 2. Under current‐clamp condition, TRH caused a transient hyperpolarization accompanied by a decrease of firing activity and a successive long‐lasting depolarization. The latter induced a blockade of firing. 3. When neurones were held at a holding potential (VH) of ‐40 mV under voltage clamp, TRH elicited a transient outward current with an increase in the membrane conductance, which was followed by a sustained inward current with a decrease in membrane conductance. The inactive TRH metabolite, TRH free acid, did not induce any currents. 4. The reversal potential of TRH‐induced outward current (ETRH) was close to the K+ equilibrium potential (EK). The change in ETRH for a 10‐fold change in extracellular K+ concentration was 56.4 mV, indicating that the membrane behaves like a K+ electrode in the presence of TRH. On the other hand, the TRH‐induced inward current was due to suppression of a slow inward current relaxation during hyperpolarizing voltage commands to ‐50 mV from a VH of ‐40 mV, indicating the suppression of the voltage‐ and time‐dependent component of the K+ current (M‐current). 5. The TRH‐induced outward current (ITRH) increased in a concentration‐dependent manner over the concentration range 10(‐8)‐10(‐6) M. The half‐maximum concentration was 7.4 x 10(‐8) M and the Hill coefficient was 1.5. 6. The TRH‐induced outward current (ITRH) was antagonized by K+ channel blockers such as tetraethylammonium (TEA), 4‐aminopyridine (4‐AP) and Ba2+ in a concentration‐dependent manner. ITRH was insensitive to both apamin and iberiotoxin. 7. The first application of TRH to neurones perfused with Ca(2+)‐free external solution containing 2 mM EGTA could induce ITRH but the TRH response diminished dramatically with successive applications. Intracellular perfusion with a Ca2+ chelator, 1,2‐bis(O‐aminophenoxy)ethane‐N,N,N',N'‐tetraacetic acid (BAPTA), also diminished the TRH response. 8. The depletion of Ca2+ from the intracellular Ca2+ store by thapsigargin blocked the TRH response without affecting the caffeine response. Pretreatment with Li+ significantly enhanced ITRH, suggesting that ITRH is involved in the elevation of intracellular free Ca2+ released from the inositol 1,4,5‐trisphosphate (IP3)‐sensitive Ca2+ store site but not from the caffeine‐sensitive one. 9. Staurosporine, a protein kinase C (PKC) inhibitor, suppressed ITRH in a concentration‐dependent manner (the half‐maximum inhibitory concentration (IC50), was 2.45 x 10(‐8) M).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)689-710
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of Physiology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1993 Dec 1


Dive into the research topics of 'Potassium currents operated by thyrotrophin‐releasing hormone in dissociated CA1 pyramidal neurones of rat hippocampus.'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this