Potassium-hydrated silicate solution unfreezable down to 190 K

Mikio Fukuhara, Akiyoshi Kokuta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


The freezing point of pure water is expected to be about 163 K in the absence of hydrogen bonds for water molecules and no rotation of water molecules. In anticipation of freezing point depression by breaking of the hydrogen bonds and formation of irrotational bonds with OH groups, a potassium-hydrated silicate solution was prepared. From thermal and ultrasonic analyses, we found that the silicate solution has a eutectic point of around 190 K in the SiO2-KOH-H2O system. The differential scanning calorimetric (DSC) analysis showed a sharp exothermal peak of 45.7 J/g with the freezing point of 232 K. The FT-IR difference spectrum indicated that the solution is constructed of silanol structure with OH groups and siloxane linkage with (Si-O-Si) bonds. The former is derived from hydration of water in the presence of potassium, while the latter makes the structure stable by being irrotationally bound for hydration shells, by analogy with the C-O bonds in protein with non-frozen water molecules. The formation of the solution unfreezable down to 190 K might be due to both hydration and structural anchor effects.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)251-258
Number of pages8
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Jul 1


  • DSC
  • Eutectic point of 190 K
  • Irrotational bond
  • Potassium-hydrated silicate solution
  • Ultrasonic analyses

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anatomy
  • Agronomy and Crop Science


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