We present spin-independent and spin-spin interquark potentials for the charmonium and charmed-strange mesons, which are calculated in 2+1 flavor lattice QCD simulations using the PACS-CS gauge configurations generated at the lightest pion mass (Mπ≈156(7) MeV) with a lattice cutoff of a-1≈2.2 GeV and a spatial volume of (3 fm)3. For the charm quark, we use a relativistic heavy quark (RHQ) action with fine tuned RHQ parameters, which closely reproduce both the experimental spin-averaged mass and hyperfine splitting of the 1S charmonium. The interquark potential and the quark kinetic mass, both of which are key ingredients within the potential description of heavy-heavy and heavy-light mesons, are determined from the equal-time Bethe-Salpeter (BS) amplitude. The charmonium potentials are obtained from the BS wave function of 1S charmonia (ηc and J/ψ mesons), while the charmed-strange potential are calculated from the Ds and Ds∗ heavy-light mesons. We then use resulting potentials and quark masses as purely theoretical inputs so as to solve the nonrelativistic Schrödinger equation for calculating accessible energy levels of charmonium and charmed-strange mesons without unknown parameters. The resultant spectra below the DD¯ and DK thresholds excellently agree with well-established experimental data.
|Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology
|Published - 2015 Nov 2