Organic anion-transporting polypeptide 4C1 (OATP4C1) is an organic anion transporter expressed in the basolateral membrane of the renal proximal tubules. It plays a major role in the urinary excretion of both exogenous drugs and endogenous compounds. Our previous studies have indicated the importance of OATP4C1 in pathologic and physiologic conditions; however, the majority of its pharmacologic characteristics remained unclear. Therefore, to provide essential information for clinical drug therapy decisions and drug development, we clarified drug interactions mediated by OATP4C1. To elucidate potential drug interactions via OATP4C1, we screened 53 representative drugs commonly used in clinical settings. Next, we evaluated the IC50 values of drugs that inhibited OATP4C1 by more than 50%. To apply our results to clinical settings, we calculated the drug-drug interaction (DDI) indices. The screening analysis using an OATP4C1-expressing cell system demonstrated that 22 out of 53 therapeutic drugs inhibited OATP4C1-mediated triiodothyronine transport. In particular, OATP4C1-mediated transport was strongly inhibited by 10 drugs. The IC50 values of 10 drugs—nicardipine, spironolactone, fluvastatin, crizotinib, levofloxacin, clarithromycin, ritonavir, saquinavir, quinidine, and verapamil—obtained in this study were 51, 53, 41, 24, 420, 200, 8.5, 4.3, 100, and 110 mM, respectively. The IC50 values of these drugs were higher than the plasma concentrations obtained in clinical practice. However, ritonavir showed the highest DDI index (1.9) for OATP4C1, suggesting that it may strongly influence this transporter and thus cause drug interactions seen in clinical settings. Our finding gives new insight into the role of OATP4C1 in clinical DDIs.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics|
|Publication status||Published - 2017 Aug 1|