Testicular toxicity is a major concern in cancer chemotherapy and drug development as it can result in infertility; however, there are no effective biomarkers for this adverse effect. To identify new biomarkers, we investigated the expression of small non-coding RNAs (sncRNAs) in a mouse model of doxorubicin (DXR)-induced testicular toxicity. First, we performed small RNA-seq analysis of sperm from DXR-treated or control mice and observed differential expression of many genome-derived sequences. We then performed real-time RT-PCR validation of these sequences and discovered that sncRNA detected by one primers, dxRN_3, showed similar differential expression as that seen in the RNA-seq experiment. These findings suggest that the sncRNAs present in sperm have potential as clinically acceptable biomarkers for testicular toxicity.
- Drug development and chemotherapy
- Small non-coding RNAs
- Testicular toxicity