In this study, we characterized the details of the pre-strain effects on the microstructure, deformation/fracture behavior, and hydrogen content, with respect to the true fracture strength in the TRIP-aided bainitic ferrite steel. Three types of hydrogen embrittlement behavior were distinguished, based on pre-strain and hydrogen content. Pre-strain reduces the fraction of retained austenite, which in turn decreases the hydrogen embrittlement susceptibility when the hydrogen content is low. However, further pre-straining increases dislocation density, which has three main effects: an increase in hydrogen content, work hardening, and strain-age hardening. The increase in the hydrogen content that exceeds 4 mass ppm has been found to decrease the true fracture strength from approximately 1.5 to 1.2 GPa. The work hardening and strain-age hardening were found to increase until the critical fracture stress was achieved with respect to the strain; this led to a reduction in the elongation, particularly when the hydrogen content was high.
- High-strength steel
- Hydrogen embrittlement
- Retained austenite
- Transformation-induced plasticity