Pre-supernova neutrino emission from massive stars and their detection

Chinami Kato, Hiroki Nagakura, Shun Furusawa, Koh Takahashi, Hideyuki Umeda, Takashi Yoshida, Koji Ishidoshiro, Shoichi Yamada

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


Recent progress of neutrino detectors makes it possible to detect pre-SN neutrinos, which are emitted from the core of massive stars before supernova explosions. Pre-SN neutrino observations will become an alarm for supernovae. We hence calculate the number luminosity and energy spectra of pre-SN neutrinos from the 15 M o progenitor based on the state-of-the-art calculations of massive stars. We find that the number luminosity of ve 's is before core collapse and core bounce, respectively, whereas that of. We then estimate the number of neutrino events at neutrino detectors taking neutrino oscillations into the obtained luminosities and spectra. We find that an alarm is issued a few days before the explosion by detecting 's at liquid-scintilation type detectors if the progenitor is located at 200 pc. Finally, we perform a systematic study of pre-SN neutrino emission for 7 progenitor models with different initial masses. We find that the difference of the number luminosities is ∼ 1 order and the dependence of the initial mass have to be taken into the theoretical predictions of pre-SN neutrino observations.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012173
JournalJournal of Physics: Conference Series
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Mar 20
Event16th International Conference on Topics in Astroparticle and Underground Physics, TAUP 2019 - Toyama, Japan
Duration: 2019 Sept 92019 Sept 13


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