Precise elemental and isotope ratio determination by simultaneous solution nebulization and laser ablation-ICP-MS: Application to U-Pb geochronology

I. Horn, R. L. Rudnick, W. F. McDonough

Research output: Contribution to journalComment/debate

125 Citations (Scopus)


We have developed a procedure for precise in situ elemental and isotope ratio measurements by simultaneous solution nebulization and laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry, which can be applied to isotope and element ratio determinations (e.g., 6 Li/ 7 Li, 10 B/ 11 B, Ca/Sr and others) covering the entire mass range. Using a quadrupole mass spectrometer, our procedure yields precision of ≤2.0% (all errors are 2 sigma of the standard error) for 206 Pb/ 238 U and 207 Pb/ 206 Pb and ≤3% for 207 Pb/ 235 U in neo-Proterozoic or older zircons and baddeleyite with U contents ≥ 65-270 ppm. Importantly, this is accomplished without the use of an external calibration standard. We nebulize a solution containing known amounts of natural Tl and a 235 U spike simultaneously with ablation of an unknown accessory phase. This allows precise mass discrimination correction of Pb/Pb as well as Pb/U in the ablated signal. Laser-induced elemental fractionation of Pb from U is observed to be a linear function of the number of laser pulses (crater depth) and is inversely exponentially correlated with spot size. These systematics allow us to correct for elemental fractionation. Spots with diameters ≥ 150 μm show no appreciable Pb/U fractionation, whereas for 35 μm spots U becomes progressively depleted relative to Pb, with a factor of four increase in Pb/U over a 2-min ablation period. For the Harvard standard zircon, 91 500, we obtain a 206 Pb/ 238 U age of 1061 ± 4 Ma and a 207 Pb/ 206 Pb age of 1074 ± 8 Ma (TIMS age: 1065 Ma for 206 Pb/ 238 U, [Wiedenbeck, M., Alle, P., Corfu, F., Griffin, W.L., Meier, M., Ober, F., von Quant, A., Roddick, J.C., Spiegel, J., 1995. Three natural zircon standards for U-Th-Pb, Lu-Hf, trace element and REE analyses. Geostand. Newsl. 19, 1-23]); for the SHRIMP zircon standard, SL13, we obtain a 206 Pb/ 238 U age of 578 ± 10 Ma and a 207 Pb/ 206 Pb age of 595 ± 13 Ma (TIMS age: 572 Ma, [Claoue-Long, J.C., Compston, W., Roberts, J., Fanning, C.M., 1995. Two carboniferous ages: A comparison of SHRIMP zircon dating with conventional zircon ages and 40 Ar/ 39 Ar analysis. In: Geochronology Time Scales and Global Stratigraphic Correlation. SEPM Special Publication, pp. 3-21], 206 Pb/ 238 U age from SHRIMP: 580-565 Ma, [Compston, W., 1999. Geological age by instrumental analysis: The 29th Halmond Lecture. Mineralogical Magazine 63, 297-311]). The Phalaborwa baddeleyite is strongly reverse discordant yielding an upper intercept age of 2057 ± 8 Ma (TIMS age: 2060 Ma, [Reischmann, T., 1995. Precise U/Pb age determination with baddeleyite (ZrO 2 ), a case study from the Phalaborwa igneous complex, South Africa. S. Afr. J. Geol. 98, 98]; 2059.8 Ma, [Heaman, L.M., LeCheminant, A.N., Paragenesis and U-Pb systematics of baddeleyite (ZrO 2 ). Chemical Geology 110, 95-126]) and a lower intercept at ~ 0 Ma. These results demonstrate that LA-ICP-MS is capable of dating accessory phases with precision and accuracy comparable to SHRIMP. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)405-425
Number of pages21
JournalChemical Geology
Issue number3-4
Publication statusPublished - 2000


  • Isotope ratio
  • Laser ablation-ICP-MS
  • U-Pb geochronology


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