Preparation of Ag–Fe2O3-Based black and electrically insulating coatings by magnetron sputtering from metal targets

Satoru Tanaka, Akihiro Ishii, Mina Yamaguchi, Itaru Oikawa, Yusuke Yamazaki, Masaaki Imura, Hitoshi Takamura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Black and electrically insulating coatings provide touch panel displays with a classic appearance. In this study, black and electrically insulating Ag–Fe2O3-based coatings were prepared using reactive magnetron sputtering, stainless steel and silver foil. The thin films prepared with oxygen introduction and no Ag foil showed blue light absorption and high electrical resistance, which are comparable to those of Fe2O3 single crystals. The optimal Ag foil size for maintaining a high electrical resistivity of 108 Ω·sq−1 was determined to be 54 mol%Ag in the film samples. Black and electrically insulating thin films composed of metallic Ag, amorphous Ag–Fe–O, and slightly crystallized Fe2O3 were prepared using 3.4 or 3.9 %O2. Metallic Ag segregated randomly in the high-refractive-index Fe2O3-based matrix, resulting in plasmonic absorption over a wide range of wavelengths centered in the red-wavelength region. At 3.9 %O2, a high sheet resistance of 108 Ω·sq−1 and strong visible absorption of 35.2 μm−1 (on average), slightly deviating by 2.4 μm−1 were simultaneously achieved by clear phase separation of the Ag grains and Fe2O3-based matrix. A clear phase separation mechanism based on thermodynamic nonequilibrium oxidation of the metallic Ag phase is proposed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number111839
JournalVacuum
Volume210
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023 Apr

Keywords

  • Black insulator
  • Cermet nanomaterial
  • Magnetron sputtering
  • Optical coating
  • Plasmonic material
  • Visible-light absorber

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