AgI nanoparticles coated with silica shell (AgI/SiO2) were prepared with an amine-free process, i.e. a modified Stöber method. A colloid solution of 3.9 × 10-4M AgI nanoparticles was prepared mixing silver perchlorate at 3.9 × 10-4M and potassium iodide at 7.8 × 10-4 M. A silica-coating was performed at 4.5 × 10-6M 3-mercaptopropyltrimethoxysilane, 0.1 × 10 -32.0 × 10-3M NaOH, 11-25M H2O, and 0.4 × 10-3-80 × 10-3M tetraethylorthosilicate (TEOS) in the presence of 1.0 × 10-4M AgI nanoparticles in ethanol. The AgI/SiO2 particles with a size of 53.2 ± 9.3nm and an AgI core size of 13.5 ± 4.2nm were prepared at 1.2 × 10 -3M NaOH, 15M H2O, and 4.0 × 10-3M TEOS. The AgI concentration of 1.0 × 10-4M in the as-prepared colloid solution was increased up to an AgI concentration of 0.32M by salting-out and centrifugation. The coreshell structure of AgI/SiO2 particles was undamaged, and the colloid solution was still colloidally stable, even after the condensation. The concentrated AgI/SiO2 colloid solution showed a high-contrast X-ray image, and its computed tomography value was 2908 ± 37 HU. Internal organs in a mouse could be imaged injecting the concentrated colloid solution into it.
- X-ray contrast agent