Resection of insulo-opercular gliomas carries the risk of postoperative hemiparesis caused by ischemia of the corona radiata resulting from injury to the long insular arteries. However, intraoperative identification of these perforating arteries is challenging. We attempted intra-operative motor evoked potential (MEP) monitoring under temporary occlusion of the suspected long insular artery arising from the opercular portion of middle cerebral artery in two patients with insulo-opercular gliomas. Temporary occlusion of the artery caused decrease in MEP amplitude, which recovered after release in one patient, who had no postoperative motor deficits or ischemic lesion in the corona radiata. Temporary occlusion of the artery caused no changes in MEP amplitude, so that the artery was sacrificed for tumor removal in the other patient, who had no motor deficits but ischemic lesion was present in the corona radiata in the territory of the long insular artery sparing the descending motor pathway. These cases show that great care should be taken during surgical manipulations near the posterior part of the superior limiting sulcus to preserve the perforating branches to the corona radiata, and temporary occlusion of the branches under MEP monitoring is useful to identify the arteries supplying the pyramidal tract.
- Insular artery
- Motor evoked potential