Elution of fluorine from landfill slag by rainwater or groundwater causes serious problems; hence, fixation of fluorine in electric arc furnace reducing slag (EAFRS) is crucial. The phase including fluorine was identified for some EAFRS specimens and confirmed is as (3CaO · 2SiO2) ·CaF2 in the current work. Experiments to determine the dissolution of fluorine from the EAFRS into water were conducted at pH 4, 7, and 10. It was found that fluorine tended to elute under acidic conditions. Therefore, the elution of fluorine from fluorine- containing substances into water at pH 4 was investigated in detail. It was found that 2(2CaO · SiO2) · CaF2, (3CaO · 2SiO2) ·CaF2, and CaF2 were unstable, while the 3(3CaO ·P2O5) ·CaF2 phase was stable; further, fluorine elution from 3(3CaO ·P2O5) ·CaF2 into water was found to be limited. On the basis of these results, it was concluded that the dissolution of fluorine into water can be suppressed by adding a sufficient amount of P2O5 to EAFRS, so that the formation of unstable fluorine-containing substances is prevented.
- Electric arc furnace reducing slag
- Fluorine elution
- Phase diagram