Primary amino acid and dna sequences of gassericin T, a lactacin F-family bacteriocin produced by lactobacillus gasseri SBT2055

Yasushi Kawai, Boku Saitoh, Osamu Takahashi, Haruki Kitazawa, Tadao Saito, Hadjime Nakajima, Takatoshi Itoh

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    57 Citations (Scopus)


    A broad-spectral bacteriocin, named gassericin T, produced by Lactobacillus gasseri SBT 2055 (from human feces) was isolated to homogeneity from the culture supernatant by hydrophobic chromatography. By SDS-PAGE and in situ activity assay, the purified gassericin T migrated as a single band with bacteriocin activity and molecular size of 5,400. A 2.9-kbp HindIII-HindIII fragment of chromosome DNA was hybridized with the oligonucleotide probe designed from the partial N-terminal amino acid sequence of gassericin T and was cloned. Six ORFs including the structural gene of gassericin T were deduced by computer analysis and the data bases. The structural gene of gassericin T (gatA) was identified as the fourth ORF, which encoded a protein composed of 75 amino acids that included the GG motif of the cleavage site. Chemical sequencing analysis of the complete amino acid sequence showed that gassericin T (57 amino acids) had a disulfide bond in the molecule and no modified amino acid residues, making it a class II bacteriocin. The gassericin T had 60% sequence similarity to mature LafA (57 amino acids, lactacin F, bacteriocins produced by L. johnsonii VPI11088), and the sequences around the processing site and C-terminal area were well conserved. The fifth ORF was designated as gatX, encoded as a peptide composed of 65 amino acids containing the GG motif of the putative cleavage site, however mature GatX and its antibacterial activity were not detected in the culture supernatant. GatX has higher similarity with LafX than with lactobin A (50 amino acids) belonging to the first lactacin F-family. These results indicated that gassericin T belongs to the hydrophobic class II bacteriocins and the most vicinal lactacin F-family.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)2201-2208
    Number of pages8
    JournalBioscience, Biotechnology and Biochemistry
    Issue number10
    Publication statusPublished - 2000 Jan 1


    • Bacteriocin
    • Gassericin T
    • Lactacin F
    • Lactobacillus gasseri
    • Lactobin A

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Analytical Chemistry
    • Biotechnology
    • Biochemistry
    • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
    • Molecular Biology
    • Organic Chemistry


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