Probabilistic analysis of electromagnetic acoustic resonance signals for the detection of pipe wall thinning

Noritaka Yusa, Haicheng Song, Daiki Iwata, Tetsuya Uchimoto, Toshiyuki Takagi, Makoto Moroi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


This study proposes a probability of detection (POD) model for the probabilistic analysis of the detectability of electromagnetic acoustic resonance (EMAR) method for the detection and evaluation of pipe wall thinning. Forty-one carbon steel plate samples with an artificially corroded groove were prepared to simulate pipe wall thinning caused by flow-assisted corrosion. Experiments were performed to gather EMAR signals from the samples, and subsequently the depths of the grooves were evaluated based on the fundamental frequency of the measured signals. The results of the experiments showed that the error in evaluating the depth of a groove tended to increase with the depth. The results also confirmed that the surface roughness of the groove would contribute to the error, and the thickness of a plate without corrosion can be quite accurately evaluated. Analysing the measured EMAR signals using the proposed POD model, which takes these characteristics into consideration, and a conventional one confirmed that the proposed model can more reasonably evaluate the probability of detection against small wall thinning, as well as the false-positive rate.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-16
Number of pages16
JournalNondestructive Testing and Evaluation
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2021


  • Electromagnetic non-destructive testing
  • electromagnetic acoustic transducer
  • false positive
  • pipe inspection
  • probability of detection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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