Profuse diversity and acidogenicity of the candida-biome of deep carious lesions of Severe Early Childhood Caries (S-ECC)

Kausar Sadia Fakhruddin, Lakshman Perera Samaranayake, Hiroshi Egusa, Hien Chi Ngo, Siripen Pesee

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8 Citations (Scopus)


Introduction: The retentive niches of deep caries lesions have a distinct biome. Methods: We evaluated the site-specific (occlusal and proximal) Candida-biome of Severe-Early Childhood Caries (S-ECC) in 66- children (132 lesions). Asymptomatic primary molars fitting the definition of the International Caries Detection and Assessment-(ICDAS)-caries-code 5/6 were analyzed. Deep-dentinal sampling and simultaneous assessment of pH were performed. Clinical isolates were speciated using multiplex-PCR and evaluated for their acidogenic and aciduric potential.Results: Surprisingly, a high prevalence of Candida species (72.7%), either singly or in combination, was noted from both the proximal and occlusal cavities. C. tropicalis was the most prevalent species (47%; 34/72), followed by C. krusei (43.1%; 31/72) and C. albicans (40.3%; 29/72), with C. glabrata being the least (9.7%; 7/72). Over 45% low-pH niches (pH <7) of both sites yielded either dual or triple species of Candida. Genotyping revealed three distinct C. albicans genotypes (A, B, and C) with (14/29; 48.3%) of strains belonging to Genotype A. All four evaluated Candida species exhibited acidogenic and aciduric potential, C. tropicalis being the most potent.Conclusion: This, the first report of the high-density, multispecies, yeast colonization of deep-dentinal lesions in S-ECC, suggests that the Candida-biome plays a significant etiologic role in the condition, possibly due to their profound acidogenicity in milieus rich in dietary carbohydrates.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1964277
JournalJournal of Oral Microbiology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2021


  • candida species
  • cavitated lesions
  • habitat
  • s-ecc
  • Severe early childhood caries


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