The progression pattern of neurological disability among patients with anti-myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein antibody-associated disorders (MOGAD) was evaluated. Neurological disability was evaluated annually for 408 person-years in 50 patients. More than 30% of the patients had clinical relapses in the first 5 years. Disability progression independent of relapse activity (PIRA) was not seen, whereas a stepwise disability progression was observed after clinical attacks in some instances. Disability worsening was more frequent after relapses than after the onset episode (p < 0.01). Similar to patients with anti-aquaporin-4 antibodies, attack-related stepwise disability progression without PIRA is typical in MOGAD, suggesting the importance of relapse prevention.
- Disability progression
- MOG antibody-associated disorders
- Myelin-oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG)
- Neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders