The properties of two VEGF receptors, Flt-1 and KDR, in the signal transduction of VEGF in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) were investigated by using two newly developed blocking monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) against Flt-1 and KDR. VEGF stimulated the expression of transcription factor Ets-1 as well as matrix metalloproteinase-1 (MMP-1) and Flt-1 in HUVECs. The KDR/Flt-1 heterodimer and the KDR homodimer mediate the expression of Ets-1, MMP-1, and Flt-1. VEGF also stimulated DNA synthesis and migration of HUVECs. DNA synthesis is mediated by the same signaling system as the expression of Ets-1. In contrast, cell migration is regulated by two distinct signaling systems. The Flt-1 homodimer is required for actin reorganization. The KDR/Flt-1 heterodimer and the KDR homodimer are required for the assembly of vinculin in focal adhesion plaque by regulating the phosphorylation of focal adhesion kinase (FAK) and paxillin.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences|
|Publication status||Published - 2000|