This study proposes ″multi-layered trenches″ as a new liquid metal flow stirring structure for the flowing-type liquid metal divertor to prevent the temperature stratification and the evaporation of liquid metal.Then it investigates the characteristics of the liquid metal flow induced by this structure experimentally and numerically. The proof-of-principal experiment using a torus channel simulating the trenches successfully demonstrated the liquid metal wavy flow where the ratio of meandering component to the main stream was 27% under the magnetic field up to 5 T. The experiment and three-dimensional magnetohydrodynamics flow simulation also proved that magnitudes of the wavy flow and the vorticity increased with a rise in the magnetic field. Moreover, two-dimensional heat transfer model simulation showed the heat transfer enhancement by the wavy flow. Maximum temperature was 26.6 K lower than that in the case without the wavy flow.
- Liquid metal