Protostellar Collapse: Regulation of the Angular Momentum and Onset of an Ionic Precursor

Pierre Marchand, Kengo Tomida, Kei E.I. Tanaka, Benoit Commerçon, Gilles Chabrier

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)


Through the magnetic braking and the launching of protostellar outflows, magnetic fields play a major role in the regulation of angular momentum in star formation, which directly impacts the formation and evolution of protoplanetary disks and binary systems. The aim of this paper is to quantify those phenomena in the presence of nonideal magnetohydrodynamics effects, namely, the ohmic and ambipolar diffusion. We perform three-dimensional simulations of protostellar collapses varying the mass of the prestellar dense core, the thermal support (the α ratio), and the dust grain size distribution. The mass mostly influences the magnetic braking in the pseudo-disk, while the thermal support impacts the accretion rate and hence the properties of the disk. Removing the grains smaller than 0.1 μm in the Mathis-Rumpl-Nordsieck distribution enhances the ambipolar diffusion coefficient. Similar to previous studies, we find that this change in the distribution reduces the magnetic braking with an impact on the disk. The outflow is also significantly weakened. In either case, the magnetic braking largely dominates the outflow as a process to remove the angular momentum from the disk. Finally, we report a large ionic precursor to the outflow with velocities of several km s-1, which may be observable.

Original languageEnglish
Article number180
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Sept 10


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