Public Attitudes Toward Decontamination and Regional Regeneration: A Case Study of Hanford Site in Washington

Tetsuya Nakamura, Steven Lloyd, Atsushi Maruyama, Satoru Masuda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The Hanford Site in Washington State is the most contaminated area in the United States and is one of the biggest decontamination efforts in the world. During the Cold War, the area was shrouded by secrecy, including denials of any dangers to the environment, workers, and local communities downwind of the site. Efforts to regenerate neighboring areas are ongoing, including establishing the area as a national park and national monument, investing in local communities, plans to re-establish a town, encouraging viticulture and other agricultural activities, and encouraging the return of spawning salmon to the Columbia River. Rising costs and delays have hampered efforts in the clean-up process. Through an online survey, this study examines the local people’s attitudes toward these var-ious efforts at urban and agricultural regeneration, their attitude toward information from the authorities, and budgeting for decontamination. It was found that there is widespread support for the establishment of park status for the site and that organic certification of produce has had a positive impact on purchasing intentions. However, there remains a degree of skepti-cism about the information about the decontamination process, and support for budgeting plans falls largely along partisan lines.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1165-1182
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Disaster Research
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Dec


  • decontami-nation
  • Hanford Site
  • urban development
  • Washington State
  • web survey

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Engineering (miscellaneous)


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